Objective


Reflect on what are the broader changes taking place. How are norms changed for boys/men, girl/women? What influences these changes and trends?

Summary


This exercise allow participants to realize that gender norms are constantly changing by comparing and contrasting past and present gender norms.

Description


Note: this exercise was done in parallel with the problem tree analysis (described next) in CARE Bangladesh.

The facilitator begins by discussing that norms around us are changing all the time. Thinking about 10 years ago and today, the facilitator asks about some changes participants have observed in relation to women? and men?
The facilitator explains that this exercise will explore these changes more deeply by considering what has been changing over the past 10 years for men and boys, and for women and girls in terms of the following areas for each group:

GROUP 1: Areas of Inquiry
What has been changing for women and girls over the past 10 years?
What has been changing for men and boys over the past 10 years?
Influences
Personal status



Household duties



Control over decision-making at home



Access to resources and benefits




GROUP 2: Areas of Inquiry
What has been changing for women and girls over the past 10 years?
What has been changing for men and boys over the past 10 years?
Influences
Mobility



Access to education, work and services



Community voice and decision-making





GROUP 3: Areas of Inquiry
What has been changing for women and girls over the past 10 years?
What has been changing for men and boys over the past 10 years?
Influences
Control over sexuality and marriage



Violence and Justice



Aspirations




Following group work, teams present their outputs in plenary. Probing questions for this exercise include:
  • How do norms evolve over time?
  • What are the top three gains we see within these changes for gender equality?
  • What are the top three threats we see within these changes for gender equality?
Thinking about change:
  • What are key levers of change?
  • Who are key influencers of change?
  • How do we influence levers of change?

Tips

It was useful to have small groups work in parallel on these two exercises and bring them together in plenary. It is also useful to assign only a portion of the areas of inquiry to each group working on this exercise, as it is otherwise time consuming. In Nepal, exercises were sequenced one after another. However, some participants felt the process a little tiring and at times repetitive.


Offering groups a chance to focus on one exercise and present to one another allows deeper analysis of the outputs and how they build on one another for a broader understanding of the context.


Sources


Source: CARE ECARMU – Situational Analysis Training