1. How can community mobilization strategies be applied to change community norms related to child marriage and its root causes?
    1. How do different kinds of community groups build solidarity, network, and mobilize to generate alternative social expectations and opportunities for adolescent girls other than their marriage? How can they affect household level decision making about the marriage of children?
    2. What are the key features of successful engagement of men and boys next to women and girls in a movement that can drive change in norms around marriage?
    3. What kinds of evidence (e.g., the real costs of dowry over time; the benefits to men of more equitable marriage; religious arguments against child marriage) or processes contribute to social dialogue that can shift the thinking of key decision makers about child marriages (e.g. parents, prospective in-laws, prospective grooms, community leaders, religious leaders)?
    4. How does the influence of champions against child marriage diffuse alternative ways of thinking about the future roles of adolescent girls?
  2. What are the alternative paths girls are able to pursue when marriage is delayed?
    1. What are other means for girls of securing the social and economic assets that marriage presumably confers?
    2. What are the lives of women who married later like? The lives of women who never married?
    3. What alternative paths do girls think they have if they don’t marry early?
    4. What kind of women do girls look up to in their communities?
    5. Is there an opportunity gap that can be filled to create an alternative path?
    6. How does a girl’s increasing sense of independence influence her marriage decisions?
  3. How do economic factors help sustain child marriage practices? What factors might encourage delayed marriage or girls’ greater influence in marriage decisions?
    1. How does labor migration affect the practice of child marriage, as well as married girls of migrant workers?
    2. How can the financial /economic transactions of marriage (dowry, matchmakers) be de-emphasized in the process of constructing a new norm about marriage overall?
  4. How do intentional and thoughtful dialogues on adolescent sexuality, femininity and masculinity (what it socio-typically means to be a female or male) make a difference in child marriage practices?
    1. How can sexual and reproductive health education or dialogues on sexuality affect communication between parents and adolescents on bodily integrity and rights?
    2. How can gender synchronized work with men, women, boys and girls, affect expectations of girls and women, roles and responsibilities of girls and women, the quality of relationships, and decision making about marriage?
  5. How does advocacy at one level influence change at another level?
    1. How does advocacy with policymakers, policy implementers and service providers at national and sub-national levels (vcpcs, evaw forums) facilitate change at the community level?
    2. How do using grassroots learning in child marriage programs contribute to changes in discourse at national or global level?
    3. How do multilevel organizationsa advocate or leverage influence at US or global level in order to impact discourse or policy at national level? Similarly, how can advocacy be done with national-level actors in order to influence US or global-level discourse or policies?